Friday, April 27, 2012

Phases of the development of anthropology in the world Science

During its development, the science of anthropology is one of the disciplines that could affect the pattern of human life. Interactions that exist among humans could create a civilization and culture are based on agreements that happen. Knowledge of materials are often used in discussing human life itself is one of anthropology. Hence, let's start this article with a glance at the first phase of the development of anthropology.

The first phase (before the year 1800)
. Tribes of indigenous peoples of Africa, Asia and America began to be visited by Europeans since the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century and during the four centuries of the newcomers are settling in areas inhabited by indigenous people. Call it like the Spanish, Portuguese is able to reach areas in Asia and America. France and Britain were able to come to the black continent or continent of Africa. Together with their arrival, the start of a collection of books of travel stories, reports, and so forth, the fruit of the hands of travelers, sailors, priests and various other woods thing. All that makes a new society that will survive until this century.

(source image from http://anthropology.fisip.ui.ac.id) 

Second phase (Approximately Mid-19th Century). A significant new processes arising in the mid-19th century. In short, society and human culture have evolved very slowly in a period of thousands of years old, from low levels. At that time the desire of people who want to write different kinds of stories the facts and non-fact to provide a valuable legacy to the future. European nations at that time regarded as laying the first stone of a high civilization to cultures outside the European nations are considered to be the remains.

The third phase (beginning 20th century). In the 20th century, most of the countries in the European colonizers each managed to achieve stability of power in the colonies outside of Europe. Closely concerned with the power arises an idea to study the colonized nations as a public curiosity at the time. An understanding of the complex is not when there is a sense of community that will add a sense of what is called a complex society? In this phase, the science of anthropology into a practical science, and its purpose can be defined as "the science that studies society and culture of the nations outside of Europe in the interests of the colonial government and to get an understanding of today's complex society.

Fourth Phase (After about 1930). In this phase, the science of anthropology has the most extensive period of development, both on the increasing knowledge of the material much more thoroughly, and the sharpness of scientific methods. Unless we see that there are two changes in the world: 

The emergence of antipathy toward colonialism after World War II and the rapid loss of primitive peoples in terms of the indigenous communities that still depend on nature and cultures isolated from the outside. Regarding the goal, the new science of anthropology in the fourth phase of its development can be divided into two, namely academics goals and practical goals. Academics goal is to reach an understanding of human beings in general by studying the physical form is colorful, community, and culture. While for practical purposes is a study of man in colorful tribal society in order to build a civilization in the tribal society was.

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